Episode 36: Islamic Principles #9: The Meta-Goals of Islamic Law
After the formation and codification of Islamic law, jurists turned to articulating what the meta-goals of the law were. These five meta-goals serve as a reminder to the jurist and layperson alike that any form of Islam that violates or harms one or more of these, is an Islam that is fundamentally incompatible with Prophetic guidance.
“We have created you into nations and tribes in order to know one another” (49:13)
“to you is your faith, and to me is mine” (109:6)
“whoever wills let them believe, whoever doesn’t, do not let them believe” (18:29)
“there is no compulsion in religion” (2:256)
“We have honored the human being” (17:70)
“…churches, temples, and mosques where God’s name is mentioned” (22:40)
“My community has been forgiven for mistakes, forgetfulness, and being forced to act.” (Ibn Majah & al-Bayhaqi)
“wisdom is the lost property of the believer” (al-Tirmidhi & Ibn Majah)
Understanding the Muslim Mind
If we could take all of Islamic intellectual history, what sort of patterns and principles could we deduce? More importantly, if we found someone who actually knew all this information, what would they look like, think like, talk like, etc.?
‘Abdallah Bin ‘Amr Bin ‘Āṣ said that he heard the Messenger of God (God bless him and give him peace) say, “There are forty acts, the best of which is giving food, if any are done seeking their reward and believing in their promise, God will grant them Paradise by this act.” (Bukhari). Shaykh ‘Abdullah Bin Siddīq al-Ghumārī (d. 1993) wrote a small book enumerating these forty acts and finding all the supporting hadith for them. I took the liberty of distilling this book in the following list, finding the appropriate modern English equivalent of the Prophetic expressions so as to make these acts easy to do and incorporate in our day-to-day life.MORE